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"Physical activity may help kids do better in school, studies say” (2016) – Summary of studies demonstrating that children who are more active show greater attention, have faster cognitive processing speed, and perform better on standardized academic tests than children who are less active. Obesity was also reduced.. https://www.washingtonpost.com/national/health-science/physical-activity-may-help-kids-do-better-in-school-studies-say /2013/10/21/e7f86306-2b87-11e3-97a3-ff2758228523_story.html
"How Exercise Can Boost Young Brains" (2014) - Hillman study links exercise to cognition in an after-school program of targeted play for 8-9 year olds, an age where the brain typically experiences a leap in executive functioning.
"More physical activity improved school performance in Swedish study" (2014) - Study of ~2,000 twelve-year olds shows that just two hours of extra physical activity each week can improve school performance.
"A protein that moves from muscle to brain may tie exercise to memory" (2016) - When muscles work, they release a protein that appears to generate new cells and connections in a part of the brain that is critical to memory, reports Henriette van Praag's team in the journal Cell Metabolism
"How exercise may help the brain grow stronger" (2016) - A new study shows that strenous exercise seems to beneficially change how certain genes work inside the brain.
"New study indicates students' cognitive functioning improves when using standing desks" (2016) - Texas A&M study indicates that continued use of standing desks is associated with significant improvements in executive function and working memory capabilities.
"Incentives and Test-Based Accountability in Education" - Education policies pushing more tests haven't necessarily lead to more learning, according to a new National Research Council report (2011)
"Get up and move! A little exercise may boost learning" (2012) - Summary aimed at educators of research (Ratey, Charleston) supporting PA for learning and behavior; PA resources http://www.edvoices.com /blog/2012/01/09/exercise-improves-classroom-learning-tips/
"Exercise and the Brain: It Will Make You Want to Work Out" (UNM)(2010) - Len Kravitz, exercise science, UNM. Summary of research on effects of exercise on cogition.
"A Fit Body Means a Fit Mind" (2009) - Summary of research (Ratey, Hillman, etc.) and strategies (PE4Life) showing benefits of exercise for education. http://www.edutopia.org/exercise-fitness-brain-benefits-learning
"Texas Youth Fitness Study" - Cooper Institute study of millions of students showed correlation of fitness with increased scores on state achievment tests, lower discipline issues and increased attendance.
"The Influence of Childhood Aerobic Fitness on Learning and Memory" (Hillman)(2013) - Fitness can boost learning and memory of children and that these fitness-associated performance benefits are largest in conditions in which initial learning is the most challenging.
"Scientist Identify Protein Linking Exercise to Brain Health" (2013) - FNDC5 is the molecular link between exercise and increased BDNF in the brain.
"International Trends in Primary School Education: An Overview Based on Case Studies in Finland, Denmark and Japan" (2005) - Finland continues to outperform other countries on international tests in math, literacy, and science plus they have reduced the overweight/obesity rates of their children. Among other things, students have 15 minutes of recess each hour and are served healthy lunches. http://www.education.rec.ri.cmu.edu/roboticscurriculum/research/Internation%20Trends.pdf
"Incorporating Physical Activity in Curriculum Can Boost Academic Performance" (2013) U. of Kansas study showing increased PA in school increases achievement. http://m.medicalxpress.com/news/2013-03-incorporating-physical-curriculum-boost-academic.html
"Evidence that aerobic fitness is more salient than weight status in predicting standardized math and reading outcomes in fourth- through eighth-grade students" (Neb. study) (2013) - Aerobic fitness was a significant predictor of academic performance; weight status was not. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23465408
"Cure Winter Doldrums with In-Class Exercise: Get Up and Move! A Little Exercise May Boost Learning" (2010?) http://www.nea.org/tools/in-classroom-exercise.html
"Exercise Helps Overweight Children Think Better, Do Better in Math" (2011) - Catherine Davis at Georgia Health Science University study linking exercise and achievement and cognition (IQ) http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/02/110210111309.htm
"Cardiovascular fitness is associated with cognition in young adulthood" - A longitudinal study in Sweden shows that the improved fitness between the ages of 15-18 correlates with higher achievement and socioeconomic status in life. http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2009/11/25/0905307106.abstract
"The Association Between School-Based Physical Activity, Including Physical Education, and Academic Performance" (2010) - CDC meta-analysis shows time spent on physical activity and PE does not negatively impact academic achievement, and the majority of studies demonstrate an improvement
"Why Does Aerobic Activity Improve Cognitive Function?" (2014) - Dartmouth study shows exercise to be particularly effective in improving cognition of low income kids due to neutralizing environmental stress http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/the-athletes-way/201406/why-does-aerobic-activity-improve-cognitive-function
"Neurocognative Kinesiology Laboratory" - Chuck Hillman links to TED talks, videos, research http://kch.illinois.edu/research/labs/neurocognitive-kinesiology/news.html
"How Does Physical Activity Affect Academic Performance?" (2012) - CDC, Columbia University, the New York City Health Department and Department of Education, the Universities of Illinois, West Virginia, and California research shows that kids perform better academically with PA throughout the day

Kids on exercise balls
Exercise stresses cells, resulting in a release of chemicals that cause new nerve cells in the brain to form and strengthen to improve memory and learning. With the understanding of this process, educators can better use the information to improve student achievement.
A sedentary school culture is catastrophic for students' health and education. In juxtaposition, a moving school culture, wherein moving and learning are embraced as co-reinforcing, holds the potential to favorably affect all of a school's most fundamental objectives: --- Ratey, J.J. & Sattelmair, J. (2012). Mandate for Movement: Schools as Agents of Change. In A.L. Meyer &T.P. Gullota (Eds.) Physical Activity Across the Lifespan (p.235-265). NY:Springer
"GERM that kills schools: Pasi Sahlberg at TEDxEast" (2013) - Activist and Education Director Pasi Sahlberg brings what he has learned from the education system in his native Finland to United States' parents, teacher.

The video is below.

Wanted to send a big "thanks" from all of us here at Billie for the wonderful presentation! I have to tell you that I have been talking to teachers all morning and that you all made quite an impression on everyone! We all drove home thinking about so amny things - lots of folks here talking about changes they want to make in their classrooms. I loved that you started your hour with discussion on relationships too - I am in total agreement with you on that!

Hope to see you back here again...we need someone like you!!

Laurie Nichols
4th Grade Teacher
Billie Martinez Elementary School
Greeley, Colorado

Children at play

Triangle lines

John Ratey, MD, Associate Professor of Psychiary, Harvard Medical School, expert on ADHD.
"The Kinesthetic Classroom: Teaching and Learning Through Movement" - Strategies for incorporating movement into lessons
"Action Based Learning" - Jean Blaydes' program of physical activities to support learning
"BOKS - a 1-hour before-school physical activity/play program for K-5 run by parents, teachers, and volunteers that gives kids a body and brain boost to set them up for a day of learning"
"Fitivities" - Individuals or teams do short fitness exercises to advance their marker around the game board to win; all ages
"International Brain Gym"
"Academics in Action" - PE teacher Chris Hunt describes strategies
"Oto Move" - Research-based, learning readiness program designed to help student develop core academic skills and become independent learners.
"Portable Standing Desks" - Adjustable height desks to elevate a regular desk work area.
"Fit Desks" - Bike desks, elliptical desks, tabletop standing desks.
"Get Sweaty" - Teachers can sign up for free daily physical activity videos on the Internet.
"Energizers" - Classroom physical activity breaks
"Take a Break! Teacher Toolbox" - Physical activity breaks in the secondary classroom
"Fit Kids" - Promoting healthy, active lifestyles for underserved kids
"GoNoodle" - Free activity breaks
"Instant Recess" - 10 minute inside recess break
"10 Simple activities to encourage PA in the classroom" (2007) http://www.yourtherapysource.com/files/10_simple_activities_classroom.pdf
"Michigan Brain Breaks" - Classroom physical activity breaks
"Action for Healthy Kids Toolkit" - Resources for classroom physical activity breaks
"Activity Bursts in the Classroom" - Classroom physical activity breaks
"Activity Works" - Physical activity for K-2
"Active Academics" - incorporating physical activity into content lessons

Composite brain scan showing brain activity
Above graphic: On left, a composite brain scan showing brain activity after 20 minutes of aerobic exercise. On right, no aerobic activity.
Photo of children stretching
"The Walking Class" - Strategies for walking while learning